Pre-sowing treatment of seeds with X-Ray to increase harvest
"Agronomists do not know physics, and physicists do not know and are not interested in agricultural technology" A.F. Ioffe
The constant growth of the world's population, the growing demand for quality food and global climate change have led to a significant exhaustion of agricultural land and an increase in the use of expensive pesticides and fertilizers in an attempt to maintain and increase agricultural harvests.
The use of modern environmentally friendly technology for pre-sowing seed treatment with small doses of X-ray radiation makes it possible to increase the harvest of agriculturalproducts.
The list of seeds of processed products: grains, vegetables, spices, herbs, berries, flowers and many other plants.
The treatment process can take place both at a stationary facility, as well as by a mobile module at a partner's facility.
The effects of pre-sowing seed treatment with X-Rays
Impact on the embryo
which allows to achieve rapid germination, earlysproutingand early ripening of the harvest, which is especially important for the extreme northern and extreme southern climatic zones with a short season
Elimination of insects and pathogens
Maximum % of germination and harvest increase
Environmentally friendly type of treatment
the module is powered by electricity
Reducing the cost of pesticides and fertilizers for agricultural producers
Increased resistance to the negative effects of exposure to pathogenic microorganisms and insects
The effect of treatment depends on individual plant species. The processing time before sowing depends on the type of plant and varies from 10 to 1 day before sowing.
Acceleration of harvest maturation process
The hereditary development program is accelerated, encoded in the DNA of seed cells, which completely determines the sequence of development phases (formation of morphological forms, chemical composition and type of metabolism of a given plant variety).
The flow of nutrients from the external environment is accelerated.
The energy required for the process of development and synthesis of basic substances in the plant increases.
INFLUENCE OF PRE-SOWING SEED TREATMENT WITH IONIZING IRRADIATION ON DEVELOPMENT FACTORS
The influx of nutrients to the sown seeds and the plants developing from them is due to two circumstances: the content of these substances in the environment and the permeability of the seed coat. Experimentally shown changes in the permeability of biomembranes during treatment with ionizing irradiation, acceleration of the influx of nutrients from the environment into the tissues of the developing seed and plant play an important role in stimulating the germination and development of seedlings.
The influx of energy is provided during the period of ontogenesis due to the energy of the sun's rays, accumulated in the process of photosynthesis. The energy of absorbed γ-quanta indirectly, causing an acceleration in the use of reserve nutrients and a faster and more intensive formation of chloroplasts, contributes to a better absorption of the energy of sunlight in the process of photosynthesis, which makes a significant contribution to stimulating the development and formation of the harvest.
In a seed that is at rest, all the information embedded in the DNA is in a repressed, blocked state. Seeds treated with ionizing irradiation germinate earlier. Primary biochemical processes are accelerated in seeds. In γ-stimulated seeds, a more rapid and enhanced formation of simple sugars and amino acids, an acceleration of their influx to the embryo, was noted, which turns out to be significant during stimulation.
In γ-irradiated cells, the processes of DNA and RNA synthesis, protein synthesis are accelerated, the mitotoxic index increases, and growth processes are enhanced. Plants from seeds γ-irradiated at a stimulating dose bloom a few days earlier, which shortens the growing season and is important for better harvest formation.
EXAMPLES OF NUMEROUS STUDIES ON X-RAY TREATMENT OF SEEDS
In the harvest from stimulated seeds, the content of the component to which the given crop was evolutionarily directed increases.
When carrot seeds are irradiated, the concentration of carotene in the crop increases, in sugar beet - the concentration of sucrose, in potato tubers - starch. This is due to the fact that the type of metabolism, determined by genetic information, inherent in this variety, is preserved when irradiated with stimulating doses.
Pre-sowing treatment of seeds with ionizingirradiationincreasesharvest - of barley, wheat, rye, rice, soybeans, corn, sunflower, buckwheat, etc. - 1.3-1.6 times - of potatoes, onions, garlic, carrots, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers, etc. - 1.2-1.8 times - of flax - 1.5-1.7 times - of iceberg lettuce, parsley, cabbage, dill, etc. - 1.4-1.8 times - of Jerusalem artichoke, clover, rapeseed, etc. - 1.3-1.6 times
Harvest increase depends on the type of product.
The maximum effect of pre-sowing treatment with ionizing irradiation shows when sowing grains of low and medium quality, the harvest of which after treatment will be higher than the harvest of elite seeds not treated with ionizing irradiation before planting.
This technology has proven its effectiveness all over the world. Numerous experiments have determined the technology for treating seeds with ionizing irradiation for most types of agricultural products.
Beamcomplex manufactures stationary and mobile modules for the treatment of various types of agricultural products, seeds for sowing with ionizing irradiation. X-ray treatment is performed by accelerated electrons produced in a compact electron accelerator located in the module.
Seeds are processed in bulk with a flow thickness of up to 200 mm. The thickness of the seeds is from 1 to 15 mm.
Throughput of the module when processing presowing seeds: from 1 to 200 tons/hour.